Views: 2 Author: pqwt Publish Time: 2022-08-31 Origin: PQWT
Water supply pipe leakage is a problem that we often encounter at present, and it is also a complicated process to find. Through years of accumulated experience in leak detection, water leaks in pipes are usually caused by several conditions such as uneven settlement or cracking of pipe joints or rusting of pipe damage and corrosion of welds. Leak detection requires a detailed understanding of the characteristics of the pipeline material and the specific phenomena that occur when water leaks, and by adopting certain technical means and experience, the leak can be found more accurately. In this paper, we will briefly discuss some special phenomena that occur when water leaks, and use a variety of detection methods to accurately find water leaks in pipes.
1、Environmental investigation method
The most intuitive way to determine the clues and scope of water leakage. According to the water supply network map and the situation provided by the relevant personnel, a detailed investigation of the water supply pipeline. Including the pipeline connection, distribution, material and the surrounding media. And determine the leakage point by observing the situation of road surface, winter snow first melting, grass and trees above the pipeline, down wells and other ditches with long flow of clear water, etc.
2、Pressure test comparison method
Pipeline breakage leakage, such as leakage of a large amount, will generally cause the local pressure of the pipe network to reduce, the closer to the leak point the lower the pressure. The use of hydrants for pressure measurement comparison, can quickly lock the leak area.
3、Chlorine residual detection method
According to the national standard for factory water, the residual chlorine content should be not less than 0.3 mg/l after 30 minutes of contact between chlorine and water, and the content of free residual chlorine in the water at the end of the pipe network should be not less than 0.05 mg/l. The use of residual chlorine and o-toluidine reflect the principle of generating yellow quinone-type compounds, through the detection of the collected water samples, through visual colorimetric test can determine whether the water supply network leakage.
4、Acoustic leak detection method
The first one is used to find the clues and scope of the leakage, referred to as the predetermined location of the leakage point; the latter two are used to determine the location of the leakage point, referred to as the precise location of the leakage point.
5、Valve bolt listening method
Valve bolt listening method is generally used to listen to the sound rod directly in the pipeline exposure points (such as fire hydrants, valves and exposed pipes, etc.) to listen to the sound of water leakage generated by the leak point, so as to determine the leaky pipeline, narrow the scope of leak detection. Metal pipeline leakage sound frequency is generally between 300 ~ 2500Hz, while the frequency of non-metallic pipeline leakage sound between 100 ~ 700Hz. The closer the listening point is to the location of the leak, the greater the sound of the leak is heard; conversely, the smaller.
6、Ground listening method
When the leaky pipe section is determined by the pre-positioning method, the leak detection instrument is used to listen to the leaky point of the underground pipe on the ground and to locate it precisely. The listening method is to listen to and compare the leaky pipeline along the direction with a spacing of about 50-70cm point by point, and the abnormal point requires less than 20cm, and repeatedly listen to the sound analysis at the abnormal point to determine the location of the abnormal point. When the ground pickup is close to the leakage point, the stronger the sound of water leakage is heard and measured, reaching the maximum above the leakage point. In order to avoid interference, the operation is generally carried out within 11:00 p.m. to 5:00 a.m.
7、Drilling and positioning method
When the road listening is completed, determine the anomaly, use the pipeline locator to locate the pipeline near the anomaly, drill with an impact drill right above the pipeline, and then use the listening rod to directly contact the pipe body to listen to the sound. Using this method, the leak point can be further pinpointed.
8、Related leak detection method
The correlation leak detection method is an advanced and effective leak detection method, which is especially suitable for areas where the environmental interference noise is high, the pipeline is buried too deep or the ground listening method is not suitable. The correlation instrument can quickly and accurately measure the precise location of underground pipeline leakage points.
Its working principle is: when the pipeline leaks, the leakage sound waves will be generated at the leakage opening and propagate along the pipeline to the far side, when the sensor is placed in a different location of the pipeline or connection, the correlator host can measure the time difference Td of the leakage sound waves generated by the leakage opening propagating to different sensors, as long as the actual length L of the pipeline between the two sensors and the propagation speed V of the sound waves in the pipeline, the location of the leakage point Lx can be calculated according to the following formula.
Where V depends on the pipe, pipe diameter and the medium in the pipe.
9、Regional leakage noise automatic monitoring method
Regional leakage noise automatic monitoring method is the use of regional leakage census system, a district or a certain area of the water supply pipe network for centralized detection. First of all, the detection probe is set up for detection, and the probe is placed at a certain distance on the network appurtenances, the probe is set up to test the noise condition of the pipeline according to the predetermined requirements and automatically recorded in the probe. After the probe completes the test according to the predetermined time and requirements, it can be retrieved and the data downloaded to the host computer or computer, and then the successfully downloaded data will be stored in time for analysis. The method can be completed once to test the water leakage condition of an area pipe network, which can not only reduce the work intensity of the leak detection personnel, but also significantly improve the detection efficiency and shorten the leak detection cycle.
Hunan Puqi Geological Exploration Equipment Research Institute is a professional institution engaged in the research of pipeline leak detection equipment and urban pipeline loss reduction. At present, we have established the 13th Five-Year National Water Special R & D Base with Harbin Institute of Technology, the University of Science and Technology of Hunan Province, and the University of Algeria, and have reached a strategic cooperation relationship with the University of Algeria. The series of pipeline leak detection instruments have applied for a number of invention, utility model and appearance patents, forming its own unique technical characteristics and advantages.
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